1450 - Timber Framed House

Growing prosperity in the Middle Ages meant more people could afford to pay builders to put up houses for them. Better roads allowed materials to be brought from farther afield. In contrast to the rough-hewn methods of earlier times, a knowledge of mathematics enabled carpenters to build timber-framed houses with considerable precision. The posts and beams were held together by an elaborate system of joints and pegs, the spaces between the outside timbers usually being filled by laths coated with a clay/straw mix and plastered over. Glass for windows was expensive so wooden shutters were often used, or even a piece of cloth soaked in oil and stretched across the opening. By about the sixteenth century, brick-built chimneys began to be introduced instead of wooden smoke hoods.



1200 - Manor House

1500 - Long House