1750 - Brick-built House
Bricks are cheap, durable and easily transported. They were introduced by the Romans but their use was largely forgotten until Elizabethan times, when the shortage of timber brought a revival in brick's fortunes. Though initially expensive, by the 17th century it was generally preferred on cost alone. Many timber-framed houses were given brick facades to suggest the owner's prosperity. At the same time people began to look more closely at the way houses were built elsewhere - notably in France and Italy - and to think more carefully about shape, size and proportion. Instead of having builders work things out as they went along, even quite ordinary houses now began to be planned and drawn on paper first. Architecture was now starting to spread across the social spectrum.