1900 - Suburban Semi

From the 19th century on­wards, residential suburbs pushed out from our towns and cities, filling green-field sites with avenues and crescents of semi-detached homes. Now, if they could afford it, people no longer had to live amid the bustle and noise of the urban area - they could enjoy a more pleasant environment outside and travel into the city to work. This expansion into suburbia was  inextricably linked with   the   provision   of transport. At first, railway companies profitably co­operated with developers in  selecting  new areas for housing,  where they could open convenient local stations. Then came tramways, buses and, finally, private cars. Throughout Britain, suburban houses were generally very similar in size and overall plan. The speculative builders who put them up used subtle differences in detailing to attract buyers but, behind the homely charm of bricks, tiles and leaded-light windows - often nostalgic in inspiration - such features as running water, mains drainage, WCs, gas and electric light were becoming standard even in modestly-priced houses. Home ownership was now a possibility for an increasing proportion of the population. Before the Great War, less than a tenth of homes were owner-occupied, but by 1939 the figure had virtually tripled. These houses are still popular today, not least because their simple basic form and robust structure make them readily adaptable to modifications and improvements to suit a new owner's requirements. Historically, the most successful forms of housing have shown a similar flexibility.


1825 - Factory Workers’ Terraces

1930 – International Style