1930 - International Style

Between the wars four million houses were built in Britain - almost half the total housing stock. Many continued to be built in 'mock Tudor' and other neo-traditional styles but more adventurous architects, influenced by the Modem Movement and in particular by Germany's revolutionary Bauhaus School of Design, adopted an entirely new approach -the International style. They exploited modern mass-production methods (metal-framed windows, for instance) and experimented with new building materials such as concrete. In theory, the house would become 'a machine for living in! Open-plan interiors were strongly advocated but most houses, in fact, had a conventional interior layout. This detached home shows some of the more startling external features of modernist architecture - plain white walls, a flat roof that could be used for sunbathing, wrap-around windows, details borrowed such as the railings and 'portholes' from ocean liners (the epitome of 1930s glamour) and, significantly, a garage for the car. These houses, often built cheek-by-jowl with orthodox styles, were not a great success with buyers, and developers were forced to compromise, substituting pitched roofs and brick rather than rendered walls for future construction.
1900 - Suburban Semi

1945 - Prefabricated Bungalow