1990 - Energy-efficient Home
Today's most environmentally-friendly living pattern would put homes, jobs and services close together - as they normally were until the last century. With the changing nature of industry in Britain, many towns no longer suffer from the dirt and smoke that drove the Victorians out into the cleaner air of the suburbs. Congested roads add substantially to pollution and greatly extend journey times to and from work, while many people question the wisdom of siting out-of-town shopping centres where they are largely inaccessible to non-car owners. Minimising damage to the environment is paramount and this house, too, is built for maximum energy conservation. The circular plan and conical shape minimise external surfaces through which heat is lost, while earth slopes protect and insulate the walls. Solar energy passes through the conservatory glazing to be absorbed by the concrete floor and brick core wall; heavily insulated, they act as a giant storage heater. Warmth from this area is then distributed around the house by a mechanical ventilation and heat recovery system — a useful supplement to the main underfloor heating. In winter a highly efficient solid fuel fire is used.
|1970 – Modern Estate Housing|