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But Carthage clashed with a tough, up and coming people across the sea. The Romans.

They fought 3 bitter wars with the Romans. In one Hannibal took his elephants over the Alps to the gates of Rome.

But the Romans won. In the final war they besieged Carthag^ then broke into the city.

They fought their way up the 3 main steep streets lined by the 7-storey blocks of flats. They used planks to cross the alleys to get from one block to another.

The Romans captured the city. They then razed it to the ground. Carthage burned for 2 weeks and then a curse was pronounced on the ashes of the first skyscraper city.

And so centuries before Christ there had been many cities. Their people gradually learning but sometimes forgetting how to live together.

These city folk had created all the technical methods of living in cities - except for providing artificial light.


The destroyers of Carthage had their own city - Rome on the Tiber. It was to grow to such a size and achieve so much but to fail in so many ways.
It would be an example and a warning for the cities of the future.


  • Carthage: B.HoWarmington (1960)
  • Lost Cities: Leonard Cotterell (195?)
  • European Cities & Society: James Stevens Curl (1970)
  • Everyday life in Babylonia & Assyria: H.W.Saggs (1965)
  • Everyday life in Ancient Egypt: J.W.White (1963)
  • The First Cities: Dora Jane Hamblin (1974)
  • By the Waters of Babylon: James Vellard (1972)
  • Salammbo: Gustav Flaubert (Novel by 19th century author illustrates vividly cruelty of life in Carthage)
Borough Housing Officer