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The City had been joined to the Palace of Westminster. A wooden bridge where London Bridge now stands spanned the river from the City to Southwark. There were 13 monasteries and 126 churches. The forests of Islington had been replaced by pleasant pastures with rippling streams.



At the end of our period, 1200 AD, the Normans were still overflowing with energy.

Richard I needed money desperately for his Crusader jaunts to the Holy Land. He said he would sell London if he found anyone rich enough to buy it.

There were no takers. The Arab sheiks were too busy fighting off the westerners from their cities. It was to be another 700 years before they could start their takeover bids.


  • London: The Unique City by S.E. Rasmussen
  • London: 800-1216 by C.Brooke
  • Oxford History of England (1087-1216) by A.L. Poole
  • Everyday Life in Norman England by O.G.Tom Keiff

24. NOTE

This is the 4th leaflet in a series on the history of city housing.