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24. DON QUIXOTE

The Spaniards laughed at the adventures of Don Quixote - the mad, old knight who jousted at windmills. But his madness was only too true to life - for too many Spaniards shared his unreal vision of life.

25. INNER DECAY & OUTSIDE EXPANSION

As the rot set in, the Spanish Empire was growing.

Too often imperialism infected other lands with a deadening blight.

In 1600 Naples with a population of 200,000 was the biggest city in Europe. But Spanish occupation plunged Southern Italy with Naples into a decline from which it has never recovered.

Antwerp was the greatest trading city in Europe in the 16th century. But after being sacked and occupied by the Spaniards it collapsed.

26. THE GREAT BEREAVEMENT

Philip II sent the ill-fated Armada against England.

In his gloomy castle at the Escorial he tried to control the Spanish Empire single handed. He checked through everything - slowly and carefully.

His despairing viceroy in Naples exclaimed "If death came from Spain, we should live a long time".

27. AND DECAY

Spain did not die but it lingered - for centuries to come.

It was pushed from its glory and power by the new busy, bustling nations of Holland and England.

28. BOOKS TO READ

  • Daily Life in Spain - M. Defourneaux
  • Daily Life in Peru under the Incas -
    L. Baudin
  • Daily Life of the Aztecs - J. Soustelle

 

BILL MURRAY,
Borough Housing Officer

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