The covenants in this Deed restricted the value of the houses, their use, and the protection of views. Houses were to cost not less than £250, which sounds ridiculous today, but was a substantial sum in those days. Houses had to conform to regular building lines. These were easy to enforce. However, another covenant about land use was to become very relevant and contentious later, as we shall see.

The 1865 map shows that building progress was very slow. Eastern and Western Roads have been started and a few new houses are shown, although the map does not show the full position. Fourteen properties of the 1850s period can still be seen, including two pairs of semi-detached houses in Southern Road, but building was so slow that hardly two houses are to the same design. The varied styles and dates show how hesitant people were to venture so far into the country. A couple of houses were built, but by the time the next builder started work the style had changed.

Southern Road

These Southern Road, semi-detached villa-style houses were built about 1853. Each house has two principal rooms at ground and first floor, with a rear extension fornung an 'L' plan. Athough Queen Victoria had been on the throne for some sixteen years when the houses was built, they are more Georgian in style than Victorian. Quite plain, without the multi-coloured brickwork and fancy decoration which the later Victorians favoured, they are built of London stock bricks, with a shallow slate roof and some classical details for the entrance porch.

In the corner house, advantage has been taken of its position to add large windows on the flank wall as well as the front, so that this house is particularly light. It also has a fine contemporaneous garden wall with a curved corner.

The wall construction of these houses is unusual: 9" brick walls have 2" thick vertical wooden battens nailed to them internally and on these are nailed wooden laths, which are plastered and decorated. Thus these are solid brick walls with a stud lining inside, creating a cavity to keep the house dry and free from the condensation which is often found on cold external walls.


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