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The following March Sir Philip Magnus, who later gave his name to another London school, told the story:

"The school had no source from which they could obtain the necessary funds. They wrote to a number of City Guilds asking if they would assist them, and the result of that correspondence was that the City and Guilds of London Institute offered to supply them with funds so that the experiment could be well tried. They placed a certain sum of money at the disposal of the School Board, and a joint Committee was formed of representatives of the School Board and of the City and Guilds of London institute to try the experiment of introducing manual training into elementary schools. Subsequently the Drapers Company gave independent assistance to the committee of £1,000 per annum, which sum they have ever since contributed".

These thousands of pounds were well spent. By the end of the century, the government had been forced by public and educational opinion to give grants for manual instruction. Practical handbooks for teachers of manual instruction were being published. One author wrote:-

'Manual Instruction is rapidly gaining ground as a means of Education and will in the future, without doubt, take a prominent position in the curriculum of Elementary Schools in this country.'

The 1904 report of the London School Board showed that in the period 1893 to 1903, the number of boys receiving instruction in manual training jumped from 4,340 to 55,107. The Beethoven Street experiment had been a success.

Quite soon a parallel development of Cookery/Domestic Science followed for girls.

At the same time more advanced schools for apprentices  of all sorts were developed supprted by the Guilds and the government.

After the Second World War Beethoven Street School was later closed. It became part of City of Westminster College for some years. Later the building was converted into housing and a community centre.


Blackheath School, 1906


Crawford Street, Camberwell, at a much higher level than Beethoven Street School of course.

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