Dolling's Map of North Paddington in 1863
Dolling was a local bookseller and map maker who was the first to show pillar boxes and money order offices. They were both new at the time; inventions of Trollope and Florence Nightingale respectively. Trollope was employed by the Post Office, spending his days walking with postmen, checking their 'walks' and returning to write love scenes in the evening. He also managed to hunt three times a week, so his life was varied. Florence Nightingale suggested the money order offices when she was in the Crimea and found that soldiers had no way of sending money home. On the map there is a pillar box at the station (below the 't' in terminus) and one on the corner of Church Street and Edgware Road: one by the canal where there used to be industry and therefore many letters, but they were sparse in residential districts.
The other great change is the Metropolitan Railway, sweeping south of Paddington Basin.
The curved, snake-like shape in the top left hand corner is the still un-culverted River Westbourne, which marked the NE boundary of the Neeld Estate. This is our next subject.
The river Westbourne had been above ground for thousands of years but as the houses advanced, it was gradually put in a culvert and most people than forgot all about it. Here we can see it passing below two roads and finally disappearing below ground. It would not be seen again until it reached the Serpentine. From there it would hide again until it poured into the Thames.